Some Common STDs

  Days/Weeks after Infection
May be mild, or include flu-like symptoms
May never appear
Possible Outcomes or Complications Treatments
Gonorrhea
~2-10 days
  • Discharge from penis, vagina or rectum
  • Painful urination
  • Femails: abdominal pain, bleeding between periods
  • Sometimes no symptoms, even in males
  • Damage to heart, joints, or brain
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women, causing problems in pregnancy
  • Infertility
  • Curable with antibiotics
  • Damage can be permanent
Syphilis
~2-6 weeks
  • Painless sore on or near genitals, anus or mouth; goes away
~3-6 weeks after sore appears
  • Rash on palms, soles or other body parts; may come and go over 1-2 years
  • Heart damage
  • Blindness
  • Insanity
  • Death
  • Deformity or even death in unborn child
  • Curable with antibiotics
  • Damage can be permanent
Genital Herpes
~2-10 days
  • Itching, burning on genitals; pain in legs, buttocks or genital area
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Abdominal pressure
  • Bumps, sores or blisters that curst over and heal in days
  • Can reoccur throughout life, possibly set off by sun or stress
  • No Cure
  • Medication is to treat symptoms
  • Keep sores clean and dry
  • Wash hands after touching
Chlamydia
~1-3 weeks
  • Burning urination
  • Discharge from vagina or penis
  • Itching inside penis
  • Very often NO symptoms – even in males
  • PID in women
  • Infertility
  • Tubal pregnancy
  • Eye infection or pneumonia in newborns
  • Cured with antibiotics
HIV
~May take years to appear
  • Swollen glands
  • Fatigue
  • Night sweats
  • Frequent mouth or vaginal yeast infections
  • Diarrhea
  • Vision loss
  • Inability to fight off infections or cancers
  • AIDS
  • Death
  • No Cure
  • Drugs and other treatments can extend life for many years
Hepatitis B
~4 weeks or more
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Dark, foamy urine; pale stools
  • Abdominal pain
  • Jaundice of eyes or skin
  • Joint pain
  • Lifelong infection
  • Possible fatal liver problems
  • Liver cancer
  • Immune system problems
  • Most people recover, but some are carriers for life
  • No Cure; diet, rest, avoid alcohol
Genital Warts
~3 months or more
  • Small, hard painless bumps inside or around penis, vagina or in mouth
  • Bumps can develop tops like cauliflower
  • Some kinds of genital warts (HPV) are linked to genital cancers
  • Large warts can make childbirth difficult
  • Surface medications, freezing, laser surgery can remove warts
  • No Cure – warts may come back

Pregnant women with STDs may pass infection to their babies, causing death, blindness or other harm, or have higher risk of miscarriage or other pregnancy problems.